Women all over the world face many challenges at home with the family, at work, and at school or university. Depending on the social, economic, educational, and cultural level, most women in the world are exposed to some challenges and discrimination between women and men because of retrograde ideas and ancient customs and traditions that gave men all rights, while robbing women of most of their rights to work, education, and marriage.
In 2021, the World Bank stated in a report that all countries of the world seek equality between men and women and achieve parity and justice between the sexes in rights and duties. However, women all over the world still face some discrimination, challenges, and inequality between women and men in some laws and regulations that may distinguish men in many cases. There are some challenges facing women all over the world.
- Domestic Violence
Many women suffer from domestic violence, whether from the father, brother, or husband. There are many regressive customs and traditions in many cultures that give preference to men over women in education, health, and work. These customs also restricted women at home and robbed them of many of their rights as a person with human rights.
Thus, women became exposed to violence and assaults in their homes, while the laws and regulations of some countries did not protect women and their rights. Therefore, some women may be subjected to assault, violence, and extortion from a family member.
But since 2020, preliminary research has shown that governments have taken about 120 new measures aimed at protecting women; hotlines have been set up to help battered women. They also provide psychological assistance and provide shelters to protect women from domestic violence.
- Differentiation and discrimination at work
Research has shown that there are laws in 100 economies around the world that do not require that men and women get the same wages for jobs of equal value, so some reforms are needed to these unfair laws. Moreover, equal wages must be achieved between men and women in the field of work.
There are also some companies that prefer to hire men rather than women, thinking and believing that men are more qualified than women. However, this is not true; there are many women who have proven their competence in all fields, and have become an example of success and perseverance.
- Differentiation in legal rights
Women suffer from discrimination in legal rights in many countries; the World Bank stated that women enjoy only three quarters of the legal rights granted to men on average. There are some laws that need reform. It is important to create a legal environment that encourages equality between men and women and gives women full rights in order to enhance the economic inclusion of women; thus, they can exercise all their rights by law.
- Education is the biggest challenge that women face
Customs, traditions, and reactionary ideas that necessitate the preference for a girl to sit at home or to marry early have caused ignorance to spread in the world. Many families, especially in rural villages and developing countries, prefer to marry the girl at an early age to reduce the burdens of the family, believing that by doing so they will guarantee a decent future for her. However, the deprivation of education led to an increase in backwardness, ignorance, and poverty.
- Early marriage