Women suffered a lot from inequality with men in many matters, such as obtaining a job, promotions, and even education. There are many customs, traditions, and reactionary ideas in many societies in the past, which necessitated not educating girls, believing that they protect women from society, people, and the dangers that they may face in the street while they go out to receive education. However, the truth is that these ideas and beliefs were a major reason for burying the capabilities and aspirations of women.
In the modern era, these reactionary beliefs began to disappear, so women began to take their chances in education. In the past, women faced many difficulties and obstacles that might stand in their way from parents and society to learn and enter school. The lucky ones among them were the ones who obtained the high school certificate, and the fighters and the daring were the ones who were able to enter the university with their determination and ambition.
There are many women who were known in history to defend women’s education. However, women are not the only ones who defend women's rights to education, Qasim Amin is one of the most prominent figures who defend women's right to education.
There are many reasons that resulted in the challenges and difficulties that women faced in the field of education throughout the ages, including:
Low standard of living
The biggest reason for not educating women was poverty and the low standard of living, so many poor families tended to educate men and not educate women in order to save some expenses. Moreover, some families preferred to marry the girl and prepare her for marriage with money rather than spending that money on her education. There was not enough awareness that ignorance is a real cause of poverty, and that education is the solution to save the world from poverty.
Customs and traditions
Women have always suffered from customs and traditions; most of the customs and traditions did not care about respecting the elderly and helping others as much as they cared about restricting women and suppressing their freedom, thinking that they would protect them from dangers. Thus, customs and traditions killed women’s ambition and increased their ignorance and superficiality. The woman was a symbol of ignorance and backwardness. In the same house, it was possible to see the son as a successful doctor and the daughter with only a primary school certificate.
One of the most important reasons that may stand as a major obstacle in front of women in education is early marriage. In the past, girls often stopped education because of the desire of their families to marry them early, thinking that they would preserve their honor; they do not know that honor and pride lie in education and culture and not in the early marriage of a girl who is unable to bear the responsibility of a home and children.
There are also many negative consequences of this phenomenon, including:
The spread of ignorance
The mother is a teacher, so it is important for the woman to learn to be an educated mother who can teach her children the principles, values, morals, and culture. If you want the progress and advancement of society, you must educate women because they are the basis of education and they are the ones who prepare righteous men, so ignorance of women causes the spread of ignorance in the world.
An imbalance in the economic system of the family and society
The woman's ignorance, lack of her education, and the confinement of her role to the house lead to the loss of an important and essential element in society. Thus, an imbalance occurs in the economic system of the family and society.
Now there are many working women, and therefore they help the man or the head of the house in increasing the income. Therefore, it results in an increase in the standard of living for the family, and the same applies to society. Women must have an effective role in the society.