Women have an active role in society, and they have become a major part in the production process of Arab countries. Women have always faced many problems in the work environment. However, despite all the challenges, women were able to prove themselves in every field, and now many women have become pioneers in their fields, businesswomen, managers, and heads of departments, but women still face several challenges:
Rejection at work
It is possible for the employer not to accept the employment of a woman, thinking that she is less qualified than the man, and this backward view of the capabilities of women caused her to decline in the fields of work and made it difficult for her to find her way.
There are some people who do not accept the employment of a woman who has children or household responsibilities because they believe that she will not be able to balance work and other responsibilities; they see that she may slack off and start making excuses.
Differentiate between the sexes in the field of work
Some business owners prefer hiring men not women. The employer ignores the standards of skill, competence, experience, and certification and tends to choose in a racist and reactionary way. Moreover, leadership positions are often reserved for men, and this reduces the chances for women to prove themselves at work.
Customs and traditions
In many societies, especially Arab societies, there are several customs and traditions that believe that women are not required to work or obtain a job, and in many cases it is not desirable for women to be educated or to obtain a certificate, so they are marginalized and their role is limited to the home.
The deprivation of women from education and study due to the customs and traditions entrenched in the minds of many people causes a decrease in their chances of obtaining work based on certificates; thus, this will prevent them from participating in the labor market.
Society's view of working women
Some societies and cultures see the working woman with a negative view full of doubts. Some believe that a working woman should be negligent in the duties of her home and her children if she is married. Others believe that she is a less feminine than a woman who does not work, so she always faces pressures from People around her.
Some jobs are not commensurate with women's capabilities; there are jobs that are harsh and requires effort and strength. There are also some jobs that have working hours that may not suit women, especially if they have domestic responsibilities, so the work becomes tiring for them and takes a lot of effort, health, and time.
The challenges that women face are not limited to the work environment only. They may face more complex difficulties within their families, whether from their husbands, children, or parents. A working woman may also suffer from difficulties inside her home because she is a productive and working woman, including:
Balance with work and housework
It is difficult for some women to bear the pressure of balancing household chores such as cleaning, arranging, and preparing food, raising children, and work. This may cause great stress unless they manage their time and work in a comfortable way.
The husband does not accept the wife's work
There are some husbands who do not accept the idea of a working wife for many reasons, including jealousy, intolerance, and adherence to customs and traditions, or because of a negligence in marital duties and raising children. Therefore, a great consequence arises for the woman if her husband refuses her work.
Difficulties in raising children
The mother’s presence with the children for sufficient time is indispensable because the mother is the teacher and educator who raises her children and provides them with a suitable environment for growth and maturity. If the children are young, the woman may face some difficulties in balancing education and work because they depend on her for everything, especially in the absence of a place for the children to stay during the work period.
Problems with family ties
The imbalance between the work and social life may negatively affect family ties and relationships. A working woman may not find enough time to share with her children or her husband the details of their day. She may be tired and exhausted after completing housework after work, and she may not find enough time for family visits and kinship; thus, this will cause a problem and atrophy in social relations.
Pregnancy and childbearing
It is possible for a woman to find difficulties at work if she is pregnant, especially if the work is stressful, so the pregnant woman is one of the most women who face problems at work on the health, physical, and psychological levels. She may need enough time after childbirth without effort and this may cause her to stop working, which may cause her to leave the work.
After all these challenges, difficulties, and obstacles that women may face in any country, they still struggle and strive to break the ingrained ideas of customs and traditions that caused the decline and backwardness of women for decades.