In the past, women suffered from injustice, ignorance, and discrimination between them and men; most of their human rights were robbed from women, while men were granted all their rights. They suffered from discrimination in work, education, marriage, and legal rights, which caused women to be unjustly oppressed and abused.
The discrimination is due to the customs, traditions, and reactionary ideas of some cultures, which dictate that women should not go out to work and that their role should be limited to cleaning the house and raising the children.
The world is now more advanced, and women have gained many of their rights that have always been robbed of them throughout history. They have been able to express their opinion freely without fear. The condition of women has developed a lot now towards prosperity, progress, and education.
This development is due to the role of the pioneering women who stood against injustice, oppression, and violence against women. They were able to rehabilitate and pave the way for every woman to achieve herself and pursue her dream without consequences. In this article, we will present to you some of the feminist personalities who were able to defend women's rights:
Ruth Bader Ginsburg (born 1933)
Ruth Ginsburg fought against laws that discriminate between men and women. There were some laws that gave men all rights and privileges, while women were deprived of those rights and privileges. Ginsburg also supported the #MeToo movement against sexual harassment. Ruth Bader is the main advisor for the Women's Rights Defense Project affiliated with Organization of the American Civil Liberties Union. She also holds the position of judge of the US Supreme Court.
Sally Ride (1951-2012)
Sally Ride is the first American woman to reach space. Ride broke all the ideas that distinguished men from women to tell the whole world that women can do everything; she was chosen from among 35 astronauts, including six women, to ride on a shuttle Space Challenger in 1983. She received the Jefferson Award for Public Service, in addition to receiving two medals from NASA for space flight. She was also an advocate for the rights and capabilities of women.
Roxanne Gay (born 1974)
Roxanne Gay is a writer, journalist, and editor. The New York Times Magazine published in 2014 that the best-selling book at that time was the book that Gay wrote, "Bad Feminist". The book presents a collection of articles about women, women's rights, and sexual orientation. She also believes that every woman is beautiful and there is never an ugly woman. She also sees that every woman has her own beauty, and that every woman must accept the shape and weight of her body, whatever it is. She also defends the legal rights of battered or raped women.
Malala Yousafzai (born 1997)
To be a defender of women's rights in a society that does not recognize women in the first place is the real challenge. Malala Yousafzai called for women's right to work and education in Pakistan at a time when it was under the control of Taliban. At this time, women suffered from oppression, injustice, ignorance, and discrimination between women and men in all fields. However, Malala made a great leap in the field of girls' education.
Lala Yousafzai narrated her story and the suffering of women in general under the occupation of the Taliban, and sent it to the BBC channel, which broadcast her story when she was only 11 years old. Malala was subjected to an assassination attempt by the Taliban when she was 15 years old, but she survived.
Malala Yousafzai is a social activist and feminist in the field of women's rights. She fought for Pakistani women to obtain their full rights to work and education, and she also established a non-profit educational organization to educate girls who are unable.
Malala is the youngest person to win a Nobel Prize; she won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2012 at the age of 17. She still advocates for women's rights to education and gender equality.