Throughout history and over time, some women have called for women’s rights; many women in many countries have suffered from injustice, ignorance, and oppression because of hateful and reactionary customs and traditions.
Due to extremist ideas, the talents and capabilities of many women were buried at home. It is limited only to the Arab countries and the Middle East, but many women also suffered in Europe from discrimination in education and work between men and women. The matter reached to prevent women from voting or casting their votes and considering women as inanimate objects without an opinion, voice, or right. However, Emmeline Pankhurst was one of the most prominent women who called for women's rights.
Emmeline Pankhurst is a British political activist and leader of the British suffragette movement that helped women to obtain the right to vote. In 1999, Time magazine selected her among the 100 most important figures of the twentieth century, stressing that she is a role model for women at the present time because she led society towards a new and irreversible path.
Moreover, she also made a clear change in the condition of women in general in all the world; she fiercely demanded for women's rights and was able to change well-established women's policies; she enabled women to cast their vote in elections or to vote, in order to give women the right to express their opinion freely.
In 1878, she married Richard Pankhurst, a prominent lawyer, aged 24, who was a supporter of women's suffrage. In 1894 she was elected as a legal guardian and spent a long time visiting workhouses in Manchester; she became aware of the staggering levels of poverty in society.
Emmeline Pankhurst joined the women's rights movement and urged women to vote. She formed an association called Women's Franchise in 1898. In 1903, she formed the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) that was strict to women's rights. Moreover, she led a group of women who staged a public protest in order to gain women the right to vote, in addition to other rights that were taken away from women.
Emmeline did not stop demanding for the right to vote for women and advocating for women's rights and equality between women and men, although public opinion was increasingly polarized against her. She faced a lot of criticism because of her defense of women's rights. She wanted the society to consider women as human beings and citizens with rights such as the right to education, work, and voting, and not to differentiate between women and men. She wanted that women were considered exactly the same as men.
Emmeline Pankhurst was born in Manchester to parents who have a major role in the political side, so she loved politics. Despite the family's encouragement to her to marry, this did not stop her from education. Emmeline has been learning for 24 years and married her professor, who has always been known for his support for women in the right to vote. Her husband supported her so much, so she was able to establish the French University for Women.
The British political activist, Emmeline Pankhurst, is considered one of the activists who were seeking women's right to vote, learn, and work. She had a lot of efforts and achievements that she made that changed the reactionary policies of that time.
In 1888, she was able to establish a British coalition calling for women's right to vote, and in 1903 she established the Social Union, claiming through it that married and unmarried women have the right to vote.
In 1918, Pankhurst was able to achieve what she dreamed of throughout her life, which is that women over 30 have the right to vote, which the British people voted for. In 1928, the age was reduced to 21 years old.
The life of the political activist, Emmeline Pankhurst, was not an easy life as some might think. She was subjected to a lot of criticism and arrests during her advocacy of women’s rights. Emmeline passed away after a struggle with illness.